“Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places,” – Ephesians 1.3
We can see that God the father is a person through a variety of different passages within the New Testament. For example he is Self-aware, he’s shows moral, the father even shows distinctiveness; (In this order note: John 4.23; Luke 10.21; John 14.16;) Moreover he shows intelligence and emotion (Matthew 6.8; 1 John 4.9-10). He even has several differing actions (just to mention a few) such as speaking, giving, blessing, punishing, and even forgiving. (See Matthew 3.17; John 14.16; Ephesians 1.3; Hebrews 12.6-10; Matthew 6.14) (Barackman 129).
The Old Testament it litter with the idea that the Father, is the father of the Israel, the nation (Cambron 53). This relationship of the Father of Israel is one which is political minded as well as personal (that “spiritual”) minded (Ryrie 35.) God does declare in Exodus 19.5 “Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;” The nation as whole receiving certain benefits because of the Mosaic covenant, while precious few others having a personal relationship (see Deuteronomy 7.6-11 and Psalms 103.13) (Barackman 131).
(Take note of Deuteronomy 32.6; Exodus 4.22 Isaiah 63.16, 64.8; etc.). Moreover he is the Father of Creation, as Acts 17.29 indicates: “Being then God’s offspring, we ought not to think that the divine being is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the art and imagination of man.” That all men (that is creation) are the offspring of God (Ryrie 35).
In another sense the Father is the father of Christ noting Matthew 3.17 (Ryrie 35). This relationship which we share with the Father is one which is different from that of the relationship which he shares with the Son noting John 20.17 (Barackman 131).
The Father is now also the father of Believers. John 1.12-13 relates to us: “But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.” (See also Romans 8.14-17; Galatians 3.26)
Creation: The Father in the work of creation of is involved in the process of all things coming from with him (as appose to Jesus’ coming through) (Barackman 131). As Paul writes “yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.” – 1 Corinthians 8.6. (Note Also Revelation 4.9-11 specifically verse 11).
Election: The Father seems to be deeply involved with election it is Father who seems to be chooser and and adopter of the saved (Ryrie 35, Barackman 133). (See 1 Thessalonians 2.13-14; Ephesians 1.3-6) This predestination (as Paul records in Romans 8.29) also includes conforming to image of Christ (Barackman 133).
Salvation: The Father is the one who choose to send his Son to this world as Jesus remarks: “And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. His voice you have never heard, his form you have never seen,” John 5.37 (Ryrie 35). God is the one who has given Jesus as the sacrifice for our sins, noting John 3.16 and 1 John 4.10. Moreover it would seem that Jesus’ work as done were works given to him by the father and are works done through him (Barackman 133). As Jesus once again remarks“For the works that the Father has given me to accomplish, the very works that I am doing, bear witness about me that the Father has sent me.” – John 5.36b (see also John 5.19; 14.9-11).
Our father’s relationship with us is also as a disciplinarian of his children as Hebrews 12.9: “Besides this, we have had earthly fathers who disciplined us and we respected them. Shall we not much more be subject to the Father of spirits and live?”
Titles and Names in the Old Testament
We see the Father referred to as several different titles by the prophets the “Ancient of Days” in book Daniel (note 7.9,13,22), the “Holy One,” “Lord” even “Redeemer of Israel” in Isaiah (48.16, 49.7). The name Yahweh also seems to be of use for the personal name of the Father as seen in Psalms 2.7; 110.1; Isaiah 48.16. (Barakman 134).
Titles and Names in the New Testament:
The Father is the most common title given to most given title to him in the New Testament (Matthew 5.48; Ephesians 3.15; Revelation 1.6). The word Lord is used of the father (Greek terms Despotes and Kurios) denoting his absolute power, authority and ownership. (See Luke 2.29; Acts 4.24; Matthew 11.25; Revelation 11.17; etc.) Paul in 1 Timothy 1.1 even declares God as Savior (Deliverer): “Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by command of God our Savior and of Christ Jesus our hope.” The New Testament doesn’t seem to assign any sort of personal name about the father, but quotations from the OT do refer to Yahweh (Barackman 134).
Barackman, Floyd H. Practical Christian Theology. Grand Rapids: Kregel Academic & Professional, 2002. Pp. 129-134
Bible. English Standard Version.
Cambron, Mark G. Bible Doctrines; Beliefs That Matter. Grand Rapids: Zondervan House, 1973. P. 53
Ryrie, Charles C. A Survey of Bible Doctrine. Chicago: Moody Bible Institute, 1972. P. 35